It is a pluralistic, multilingual and multi-ethnic society and is also home to a diversity of wildlife in a variety of protected habitats.The name India is derived from Indus, which originates from the Old Persian word Hindu.India, officially the Republic of India (Bhārat Gaṇarājya), is a country in South Asia.It is the seventh-largest country by area, the second-most populous country (with over 1.2 billion people), and the most populous democracy in the world.Scholars believe it to be named after the Vedic tribe of Bhāratas in the second millennium BCE.It is also traditionally associated with the rule of the legendary emperor Bharata.
In 2017, the Indian economy was the world's sixth largest by nominal GDP and third largest by purchasing power parity.
Following market-based economic reforms in 1991, India became one of the fastest-growing major economies and is considered a newly industrialised country.
However, it continues to face the challenges of poverty, corruption, malnutrition, and inadequate public healthcare.
The Indian subcontinent was home to the urban Indus Valley Civilisation of the 3rd millennium BCE.
In the following millennium, the oldest scriptures associated with Hinduism began to be composed.