Thus Heracles's name means "the glory of Hera", even though he was tormented all his life by Hera, the Queen of the Gods.
Perhaps the most striking example is the Athenian king Erechtheus, whom Poseidon killed for choosing Athena over him as the city's patron god.
Partridge concludes, "The basic sense of both Hera and hero would therefore be 'protector'." The word 'hero' is used in English to refer either explicitly to male heroes or as a gender-neutral form (whereas the term heroine designates only a female hero).
The use of 'hero' as a gender-neutral substantive has been current from at least the beginning of the 21st Century.
(The American Heritage Dictionary, 4th edition , offers this citation from the Washington Post: “Already a national hero in her economically troubled South Korea,...
[Se Ri] Pak is packing galleries at [golf] tournaments stateside.”) In Greek the term ἥρως (''hērōs'') was used exclusively to refer to men.
Countless heroes and gods go to great lengths to alter their pre-destined fate, but with no success, as no immortal can change their prescribed outcomes by the three Fates.
The most prominent example of this is found in Oedipus Rex.
Achilles was known for uncontrollable rage that defined many of his bloodthirsty actions, such as defiling Hector's corpse by dragging it around the city of Troy.
Achilles plays a tragic role in The Iliad brought about by constant de-humanization throughout the epic, having his menis (wrath) overpower his philos (love).
Heroes in myth often had close but conflicted relationships with the gods.
He was the child of Thetis and Peleus, making him a demi-god.
He wielded superhuman strength on the battlefield and was blessed with a close relationship to the Gods.