Dating cantagalli pottery

Join The Discussion is pleased to share your comments.Your postings may be reprinted elsewhere on the site or in our print publications.The fifteenth-century wares that initiated maiolica as an art form were the product of an evolution in which medieval lead-glazed earthenwares were improved by the addition of tin oxides under the influence of Islamic wares imported through Sicily.During the later fourteenth century, the limited palette of colours for earthenware decorated with coloured lead glazes (no added tin oxide) was expanded from the traditional manganese purple and copper green to include cobalt blue, antimony yellow and iron-oxide orange.

Moorish potters from Majorca are reputed to have worked in Sicily and it has been suggested that their wares reached the Italian mainland from Caltagirone. "By a convenient extension and limitation the name may be applied to all tin-glazed ware, of whatever nationality, made in the Italian tradition ...The city itself declined in importance as a centre of maiolica production in the second half of the fifteenth century, perhaps because of local deforestation, and manufacture was scattered among small communes, twenty-three master-potters of Montelupo agreed to sell the year's production to Francesco Antinori of Florence; Montelupo provided the experienced potters who were set up in 1495 at the Villa Medicea di Cafaggiolo by its Medici owners.Italian maiolica reached an astonishing degree of perfection in this period.Sometimes the surface is covered with a second glaze (called coperta by the Italians) that lends greater shine and brilliance to the wares.In the case of lustred wares, a further firing at a lower temperature is required. Glaze was made from sand, wine lees, lead compounds and tin compounds.

Leave a Reply