Teens in the study were a part of the Add Health dataset, which was designed "to study determinants of health and risk behaviors in a nationally representative sample of U. adolescents." Participants were analyzed at baseline, at follow-ups in 1 to 2 years, and at 5 years from baseline.First follow-up measures included heterosexual dating experience as well as physical and psychological dating violence that had occurred since the baseline interview.The findings from Exner-Cortens’ study support those from other studies showing an increased risk of violence re-victimization in late adolescence/young adulthood if experienced earlier in adolescence , the violence assessment was limited. These studies have shown that adults who experience physical/sexual types of violence within intimate (e.g., dating, marital) relationships tend to have more pronounced adverse health impacts (e.g., depression, chronic disease) than adults who experience non-physical types of abuse only (e.g., controlling behavior, insults) .Namely, violence victimization was assessed using five questions (called names/insulted; sworn at; threatened with violence; pushed/shoved; and had something thrown that could hurt). Studies of adults have more extensively parsed health effects by specific types of violence experienced in intimate relationships, including a consideration of the different violence types (physical, sexual, and non-physical abuse) recommended for assessment by the U. Sexual violence has the most devastating impacts on the health of adult women, including an association with severe depressive symptoms, post-traumatic stress disorder, anxiety, difficulty sleeping, fair/poor health, physical/somatic symptoms, cigarette smoking, and problem drinking .Similarly, “hooking up,” which is a primary pathway to relationship formation among today’s adolescents  by presenting a ripe context for unwanted/coerced sex.Related, our study examines the association between sexual violence through verbal coercion and/or physical force and health in late adolescence [ Study procedures were approved by the institutional review board of The Ohio State University, including procedures to ensure the confidentiality and anonymity of subjects’ responses (e.g., data were immediately stripped of identifying information).
The present investigation expands upon prior studies by examining the relationship between health in late adolescence and the experience of physical/sexual and non-physical dating violence victimization, including dating violence types that are relevant to today’s adolescents (e.g., harassment via email and text messaging).
The authors noted that these findings "emphasize the importance of screening and offering secondary prevention programs to both male and female victims" of relationship violence.
The researchers looked at 5-year health outcomes from 5,681 participants, ages 12 to 18, who had experienced physical or psychological violence from a partner.
By sex, nearly 20% of females and males had experienced psychological violence only (19.5% among women, 20.1% among men).
Although less than 8% of men had experienced both physical and psychological violence (7.6%), nearly 10% of women experienced both forms of relationship violence (9.5%).